Buddhist teachings and Practice
1. The Buddha — The self awakened one. The original nature of the Heart;
2. The Dhamma — The Teaching. The nature of reality;
3. The Sangha — a. The Awakened Community. b. Any harmonious assembly. c. All
1. The Noble Truth of Dukkha - stress, unsatisfactoriness, suffering;
2. The Noble Truth of the causal arising of Dukkha, which is grasping, clinging
3. The Noble Truth of Nirvana, The ending of Dukkha. Awakening, Enlightenment.
"Mind like fire unbound";
4. The Noble Truth of the Path leading to Nirvana or Awakening.
Buddhist teachings flow from the Four Noble Truths. Particularly emphasised in
1. I vow to
rescue the boundless living beings from suffering; (Link to 1st Truth)
2. I vow to put an end to the infinite afflictions of living beings; (Link to
3. I vow to learn the measureless Dharma-doors; (Link to 4th Truth)
4. I vow to realise the unsurpassed path of the Buddha. (Link to 3th Truth)
of the Mahayana Path, these vows say. 'Whatever the highest perfection of the
human heart-mind may I realise it for the benefit of all that lives!'
Integral, Complete, Perfected.
2. Right Attitude, Thought or Emotion;
3. Right Speech;
4. Right Action;
5. Right livelihood;
6. Right Effort, Energy, and Vitality;
7. Right Mindfulness or Awareness;
8. Right Samadhi "concentration", one-pointedness. Integration of, or
establishment in, various levels of consciousness.
meanings are given as the original Pali has shades of meaning not available in
one English word.
from killing living beings;
2. Abstain from taking that which not given;
3. Abstain from sexual misconduct;
4. Abstain from false speech;
5. Abstain from distilled substances that confuse the mind. (Alcohol and Drugs)
underlying principle is non-exploitation of yourself or others. The precepts
are the foundation of all Buddhist training. With a developed ethical base,
much of the emotional conflict and stress that we experience is resolved,
allowing commitment and more conscious choice. Free choice and intention is
important. It is "I undertake" not 'Thou Shalt". Choice, not
Precepts in positive terms
the training precept to:
1. Act with
2. Be open hearted and generous;
3. Practice stillness, simplicity and contentment;
4. Speak with truth, clarity and peace;
5. Live with mindfulness.
means gone to the other shore, it is the highest development of each of these
1. Giving or
2. Virtue, Ethics, Morality; *
3. Renunciation, letting go, not grasping;
4. Panna or Prajna "Wisdom" insight into the nature of
5. Energy, vigour, vitality, diligence; *
6. Patience or forbearance; *
8. Resolution, determination, intention;
9. Kindness, love, friendliness;
Mahayana Buddhism, 6 are emphasised, they are, numbers l., 2., 4., 5., 6.,
Samadhi (see Path) & 4.
Sublime or Uplifted States
1. Metta —
2. Karuna — Compassion;
3. Mudita — Joy, Gladness. Appreciation of good qualities in people;
4. Upekkha — Equanimity, the peaceful unshaken mind.
development of these four states develops all of the Ten Paramita.
Powers or Spiritual Faculties
2. Energy, Effort;
3. Sloth and Torpor;
4, Restlessness and Worry;
5. Toxic doubt and the ruthless inner critic.
bases or Frames of Reference of Mindfulness
Mindfulness of the Body — breath, postures, parts;
2. Mindfulness of Feelings, Sensations — pleasant, unpleasant and neutral;
3. Mindfulness of States of Consciousness;
4. Mindfulness of all Phenomena or Objects of Consciousness.
Signs of Existence or Universal Properties
1. Anicca —
2. Dukkha — Unsatisfactory, stress inducing;
3. Anatta — Insubstantial or Not-self.
compounded and conditioned things, all phenomena are impermanent. Because of
this they give rise to Stress and Affliction and because of this they are
Not-self What we call "self " is a process not a 'thing".